Graham Reid | | 3 min read
people today -- musicians included -- consider rock or jazz as
“political”, even in the broadest sense of the word.
back in the late 60s and through the 70s large areas of both
certainly were. Less than a year after that remarkable year 1968
(student demonstrations, assassinations, political oppression and
revolutionary activity) the dialogue changed.
Airplane who urged you to “feed your head” now shouted “up
against the wall, motherfucker”, and John Lennon was
ambiguous/ambivalent about revolution: “Don’t you know you can
count me out/in”.
Hendrix, whose exploratory music increasingly stood between
improv.rock and free form jazz was being hauled into Black Panther
debates because he was black but his audience was predominantly
1970 Miles Davis was increasingly looking to connect back with a
black audience (the Jack Johnson album, then the street funk
of On the Corner), and even further out were jazz groups like
the Revolutionary Ensemble and the Art Ensemble of Chicago,
saxophonist/writer Archie Shepp (“let my notes be bullets”) plus
jazz-inspired performers like Amiri Baraka, The Last Poets and Gil
much 70s black jazz, revolutionary political thinking was no subtext:
it was in your face in music with titles such as The African Look,
Attica Blues (after the prison massacre in California), Chicago
(after the riots), The People’s Republic, For the People and so on.
was freedom music (of expression, if nothing else) and so musicians
liberated themselves from the shackles of form and free jazz became a
profound and prevalent mode of expression (although it had been
around since Ornette Coleman’s Free Jazz album of ‘60).
Many musicians also liberated themselves from the legacy of white
America slavery and adopted African or Muslim names.
were exciting, angry and conflicted times -- were the Weathermen and
Panthers freedom fighters or terrorists? -- and the jazz reflected
the absence of CD releases of many albums from that period -- most
were on small labels out of New York or Europe -- a two CD set
Freedom Rhythm and Sound (Soul Jazz) helps fill in this
important, and often forgotten, period in jazz.
“Revolutionary Jazz and the Civil Rights Movement 1963-82”, these
discs cut a wide path through jazz and improvised music and include
big names (Sun Ra with his seminal, seven minute Nuclear War, the Art
Ensemble of Chicago, Oliver Lake, Archie Shepp with the raging Attica
Blues, Horace Tapscott) alongside the likes of Errol Parker, pianist
Amina Claudine Myers (too often relegated to a footnote despite being
a member of the AACM and work with Shepp and others) and many more.
as Gil Scott-Heron would warn the complacent black middle class that
“the revolution will not be televised”, so here Gary Bartz NTU
Troop says “never will be a revolution while you’re drinkin’
wine” in the woozy, Afrojazz-framed Drinking Song. It was time to
get straight and “say it loud, I’m black and I’m proud”.
and ears here are on Africa (Oliver Lake with NTU on Africa, Arkestra
trumpeter Philip Cohran and the Artistic Heritage Ensemble on The
African Look) and to more recent music out of New Orleans and slavery
days. Black music from the past to the future.
with a Gilles Peterson and Stuart Baker book of album cover art of
the same name (equally DIY and fiercely independent) -- and including
a booklet of period photos -- Freedom Rhythm and Sound
collects consciousness raising and politicised jazz which is
thrilling and courageous in its anger, soul-funk, assertion and